시장개방이 확대됨에 따라 세계 각국의 농업, 농정, 무역 등의 동향이 우리나라 농업에 끼치는 강도가 점점 높아지고 있습니다. 우리나라에 영향력이 큰 중국, 일본, 대만 등 인접국가를 비롯하여, 세계 농정과 농산물 무역질서에 지배력이 강한 미국, EU, 그리고 국제기구 등을 중심으로 농업 현안에 관한 정보를 수집·제공하고 있습니다. '세계농업뉴스'는 '세계농업정보'에 게재한 자료를 보완·분류하여 월간으로 간행한 것입니다. 원고게재를 희망하거나 자료에 대해 의견이 있으시면 연락주시기 바랍니다. 담 당 : 김 태 곤taegon@krei.re.kr 농정연구센터 TEL 02-3299-4241 / FAX 02-965-8401
Ⅰ. 농업 농정 동향 1. 미국, 21세기 농업정책의 방향과 딜레마 2. 미국, 유기농산물시장 대폭 확대 3. 미국, 양돈경영 규모화 진전 4. 중국, 2003년도 농산물 관세할당량 결정 5. 중국, GM 작물승인에 관한 규제강화 6. 중국, 채소수출기업이 농약검사 강화 7. 브라질, 2002/03년 대두 생산과 수출 확대 8. 칠레, 아시아태평양 제국과 자유무역협정 체결 추진 9. WTO, 캐나다의 낙농보조금에 위반 판결 Ⅱ. 농산물무역 동향 중국, 2002년 농산물무역 동향과 2003년 전망Ⅲ. 국제기구 논의동향 1. DDA 농업모델리티 1차 초안의 영향과 과제 2. EU, 농업모델리티 1차안 거부 반응 3. WTO 회원국, 농업모델리티 협상연장 준비 Ⅳ. 세계 식료수급 정보 세계 곡물 수급 동향과 전망(2003. 2) Ⅴ. 통계자료 Promotion for the development of agribusiness venture has been emphasized to enhance value added in agriculture through increasing efficiency of the agricultural system, and to vitalize farm and rural economy through increasing non-farm income of the farm household in Korea. However, policy programs for the development of agribusiness venture have various problems such as confused policy target, goal, and measurements to meet policy implications. Objectives of this study are as follow ; (i) to establish concept of the agribusiness venture and identify implications of the development of agribusiness venture in Korea, (ii) to identify current situations and problems of the agribusiness venture in terms of policy programs and business itself, (iii) to suggest promotional strategies for the development of agribusiness venture. Followings are summaries of the major findings. (1) Concept of the venture business implies that "new businesses get high returns with new technology and idea, with high risk", in general. The concept of agribusiness venture includes all the agriculture related businesses without considering size, ownership, and type of business. This is expanded concept compared with the 'agricultural venture(venture farm)' in terms of the range and type of business. However, there are three different types of agribusiness venture; Government approved venture businesses in agribusiness sector(Type I), agribusiness firms which are not approved as venture yet(Type II), and farm(or farmer) which are looking for high value- added products with new idea and technology(Type III). (2) Government enacted 'Special Law for the Promotion of Venture Business' in 1997, and provided various incentives such as low rate capital loan, cheap business site, technical advice, tax reduction, etc. for the approved venture business. However, there are inefficiency problems because these programs are introduced by the various organizations. Furthermore, these programs have obvious limitation to promote agribusiness because there are no speciality for this sector in the approval process, and limited number of business incubator in rural area. (3) Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry(MAF) introduced programs for the promotion of agribusiness venture such as providing research fund for the technology development of small medium industry (1998), establishing agribusiness specialized investment cooperatives (2001), supporting for the management of agribusiness venture incubator (2002), and organizing agribusiness venture investment exhibition and business contest(2002). Although the MAF improved in terms of policy category, there are questions what is the goal and who are the target group because the MAF does not have master plan for the development of agribusiness venture. (4) Number of agricultural venture business is 27 which is 0.2% of total government approved venture business 10,182 in 2002. If we expand the category of agriculture into agribusiness, this number goes 304, or 3.0% of the total venture business. In this case, agribusiness venture consist of food processing(39.8%), farm machinery and agricultural inputs(16.8%), environmental and new materials(16.8%), and bio-technology(16.4%), etc. Compared with other venture business, agribusiness venture has less share of RD and venture capital investment venture, larger share of rural area located venture. (5) According to the survey results, key factors of the success agribusiness are as follows : RD investment to develop new idea and technology, development of high valued-added new products which meet for the consumer's preference, differ-entiation in terms of price, production process, and image, etc., specific business model such as membership system, net-working, consumer relation management, link with green tourism, etc., introduction of the various marketing strategies such as electronic commerce and direct market with large shopping mall. While faced problems of the agribusiness venture are differed from the stage of development. For example, agribusiness in the planning stage faced lack of information and special knowledge, startup financing and marketing strategies in the starting stage, and market share in the growth stage venture business. To solve these problems with government support, most potential agribusiness venture want to get government venture approval. (6) There are three principles for the development of agribusiness venture. First, master plan for the promotion of agribusiness venture should be prepared. Since agricultural sector has quite different characteristics, special programs for the promotion of agribusiness venture are necessary. Second, agribusiness venture program should be designed for the three different types of target group. Especially, government concerns are necessary for supporting RD and business incubator to develop new idea of the starting business, while enforcing linkage with existing government support system through introducing venture approval system for the (Type II). Third, promotional strategies for agribusiness venture should be designed based on the stage of development. For example, providing information and training opportunities are critical in the planing stage, while capital, appropriate worker, and market are important in the opening stage. Following strategies for the development of agribusiness venture are suggested ; RD for the development of venture idea, education and training to cultivate entrepreneurship, providing technology and information to help reasonable decision making, establishing agribusiness incubator at the 'agricultural technology center' in rural area, introducing government approval system for the agribusiness venture, enforcing linkages with related policy programs of the MAF to solve agribusiness venture's problems such as lack of capital and market, etc. reforming government regulation and related system to promote various business in niche market.