시장개방이 확대됨에 따라 세계 각국의 농업, 농정, 무역 등의 동향이 우리나라 농업에 끼치는 강도가 점점 높아지고 있습니다. 우리나라에 영향력이 큰 중국, 일본, 대만 등 인접국가를 비롯하여, 세계 농정과 농산물 무역질서에 지배력이 강한 미국, EU, 그리고 국제기구 등을 중심으로 농업 현안에 관한 정보를 수집·제공하고 있습니다. '세계농업뉴스'는 '세계농업정보'에 게재한 자료를 보완·분류하여 월간으로 간행한 것입니다. 원고게재를 희망하거나 자료에 대해 의견이 있으시면 연락주시기 바랍니다. 담 당 : 김 태 곤taegon@krei.re.kr 농정연구센터 TEL 02-3299-4241 / FAX 02-965-8401
Ⅰ. 농업 농정 동향 1. GMO를 둘러싼 미국과 EU간의 분쟁 2. 미국, EU의 GMO 규제를 WTO 제소 3. 미국과 EU간 GMO 분쟁의 경과와 전망 4. EU, GMO에 관한 새로운 입법 추진 5. EU, 공동농업정책 개혁 합의 6. EU, 공동농업정책 개혁의 주요내용 7. 중국, GMO 무역에 대한 규제 동향 8. 중국, 농촌정책의 당면과제와 해결방안 9. 중국, 무공해농산물 인증 실시 10. 일본, 고급품 중심의 쌀수출 급증 11. 아르헨티나, 2003년도 농산물생산 전망 12. 베트남, 농업생산과 농업구조 개황 Ⅱ. 국제기구 논의동향 최근 WTO/DDA 농업협상 동향 Ⅲ. 세계 식료수급 정보 세계 곡물 수급 동향과 전망(2003. 7) Ⅳ. 통계자료 NGO`s activities can be legitimate because they are based on socialphenomena and because NGOs play an important role in responding to socialdysfunction. Also, the appearance of the concept of global governance shows theimportance of NGO`s activities and the necessity of their participation in thepolicy process.The purposes of this study are to analyze how NGOs participate in theagricultural policy process and to depict what the desirable ways of theirpolicy participation are.Research methods for this study are as follows: first, in order toanalyze the real situations of policy participation of agriculture-related NGOs,we analyzed twenty eight agriculture-related NGOs based on the data collected byquestionnaire and interviews and compared them with data gained by analyzingfifty eight general NGOs located in Seoul; second, in order to evaluate theparticipation of agriculture-related NGOs in the policy process, we conductedquestionnaire from interviewing NGOs` staffs and public officials and comparedtwo groups.It is proved that the objective conditions of NGOs are not related tothe positiveness or spontaneity of their activities. The positiveness andspontaneity of their activities are not closely related to the objectiveconditions, but to their intrinsic goals and characteristics.The necessity of NGOs` participation in the policy process isrecognized by NGOs and policy authorities. NGO`s participation can make policymakers agricultural policies based on real fields and establish cooperationrelationship between two groups. Also, they have common opinion about NGO`sparticipation in setting up the fundamental plan like mid- and long-termagricultural and rural development plans. On the other hand, there aredifferences in the disadvantages of NGO`s participation and the obstacles on theactivation of NGO`s participation.There were considerable changes in the ways and modes of NGO`sparticipation. The modes and ways of participation have been diversified such asmovement shifts from illegal riots to legal and formal participation of being apartner of formal committees and commissions. However, in general, theparticipation is still more formal. NGOs think that government policies have notreflected the voices of actual fields. Because government authority thinks thatNGOs have stated their interest rather than the interests of the agriculturalsector as a whole, they could not help having limitations in responding torelated NGOs` voices. That is, public officials understand these phenomena as asort of Nimby. In order to solve these problems, NGOs` participationshould be directed to setting up their substantial participation.It is very meaningful for government authorities to carry outcooperative projects with NGOs. Korean agriculture is not competitive as awhole. Only a few items have competitiveness. Rebuilding agriculturalvitality depends upon the change of paradigm based on the new recognition ofagriculture and rural areas such as multi-functionality. The basic premisein building a new paradigm is that the protection of agriculture and governmentsubsidy should be based on general people's consensus. NGOs are the mostdesirable organizations that try to pursue their goals without their owninterests according to the principles of social justice and public interest inorder to gain people's consensus. Some projects that need public relationscarried out by NGOs having integrity may be better than by governmentagencies.In this aspect, existing policy response of policy authority may not beactive. Although government authorities formalize NGO`s participationaccording to timely needs, their positive will has been positive in establishinga new paradigm for policy participation. They do not recognize the necessity andvalue of NGO`s participation in the policy process in terms of the protection ofagriculture based on the persuasion of people.The desirable way of civilian policy participation is that agriculturalpolicy authority should recognize NGOs as policy partners and carry outagricultural projects substantially. The way of cooperation between NGOs andpolicy authorities should be different from issues and make sure the rolesof NGOs and policy authority. Especially, NGOs carry out projects that need theconsensus of people and public relations.There are some improvements in relationship between NGOs and policyauthorities. First, mutual understanding between them should be expanded. Bothsides should expand relationships and put lots of efforts to understandeach other. Also, existing relationship of the provision of supports and thereception of benefits should be changed to the relationship of mutualcooperation. Second, the way of policy participation of NGOs should bediversified and substantialized such as participating committees havingdecision-making authority and the delegation of agricultural policyimplementation. The objects of privatization of agricultural policy areas areeducation for consumers and general public and commercialized fields enabling torun projects without government supports. For example, the involved are theeducation for environmentally friendly agriculture and retuning to the farming,green tourism and rural amenity, consulting farming, and so on.Foreign cases shed some lights on reforming the mode of policyparticipation of NGOs. French Agricultural Lead Committee can be adopted.However, institutional improvement needs other previous conditions likegovernment organizational reform.