1. 머리말2. 식품표시제도의 이론적 검토3. 식품표시제도의 주요 논점4. 우리나라 식품표시제도의평가5. 맺음말 This paper is to trace the economic theory behind food labeling and presentseveral case studies in which the government has intervened in labelingdecisions. Food labeling plays a role of matching a product with consumerpreferences by transforming credence characteristics of food into searchcharacteristics in the food market.A review of selected literature highlights several points raised in labelingsuch as the the amount of information voluntarily supplied by privatefirms, the role of third-parties in standardizing and certifying the veracity ofthe information, and the costs and benefits of government intervention inlabeling.The case studies are geographical indications, country-of-origin labeling,organic labeling, Korean Standard, Korea Traditional Standard certification, andother labeling policies. They involve different sets of social, economic, andscientific objectives and illustrate the observation that the impetus forgovernment involvement in food labeling originated from many different sources,including the government, consumer groups, and producergroups.