농촌산업육성법(가칭) 제정 연구

영문 제목
A Study on Legislating the Rural Industry Development Act
저자
김용렬민자혜정명운
출판년도
2013-08-30
초록
농촌산업은 지역의 부존자원을 기초로 소득기회와 일자리를 창출하는 것으로 농촌지역경제의 활성화를 위해 매우 중요한 과제이지만 관련 정책이 여러 부처에 산재되어 종합적이고 효율적인 정책추진에 한계가 있는 만큼 관련 법률들을 통합․조정하여 종합적 추진이 필요하다. 새로운 정부의 출범과 동시에 농림축산식품부가 범부처 차원에서 6차 산업화를 활기차게 추진하고 있다. 6차 산업화는 농촌산업과 밀접한 관련을 갖고 있으며, 1차, 2차, 3차 산업의 융복합화를 통해 달성할 수 있다. 그러기 위해서는 이를 뒷받침할 법적 근거가 필요하다.
Rural industries create job and income opportunities based on local natural resources. These industries are very important to revitalizing the rural economy, but there are limitations to efficiently and comprehensively carrying out related policies because government roles and duties overlap among various ministries. Therefore, it is necessary to integrate and revise related laws to comprehensively carry out the policies. For this reason, this study aims to lay down a legal basis needed to develop rural industries. The current state of rural industries is examined to reflect new trends, and limitations and mechanisms of existing related laws are analyzed to refine the legal system needed to develop rural industries. A rural industry can be conceptualized as being a rural-based industry that takes advantage of local resources and that embraces the concept of convergence among the primary (agriculture), secondary (manufacturing), and tertiary (service) industries. This study examined the current rules governing the development of rural industries on an individual industry basis. In addition, targeted beneficiaries of government support for rural industry development projects and their contents are reviewed in the following seven project fields: infrastructure development, agriculture, food, horticulture, livestock farming, fisheries, and resource development for rural tourism. Based on this review, limitations to providing rural industry support under the current laws are derived. First, although a rural industry that integrates agriculture with manufacturing and service industries can be viewed as having a new industrial structure, it is difficult to flexibly respond to the demand for forming ties and promoting cooperation among the industries because the current legal system regards each industry (i.e., agriculture, manufacturing, and service industry like tourism) as a separate target of policy implementation. Second, human resource development and intermediate support organizations that can support and revitalize convergence activities are lacking and the legal basis that can provide institutional support, too, is insufficient. Third, a rural industry has a strong characteristic of being a regional industry, thus it is necessary to have rural industry policies at each administrative level (i.e., village, city-county, and city-province levels) and yet there is no legal basis to support it. This study analyzed the support system and basic framework of 13 laws, such as the Industrial Technology Innovation Promotion Act, the Industry Convergence Promotion Act, and the Industrial Technology Research Association Promotion Act, that are legislated to promote domestic industries. In addition, in order to examine the Japanese cases of promoting rural industries, this study analyzed the legal framework of the 'Law for Promoting Business Activity through Collaboration Between SMEs and Agriculture, Forestry and Fishery,' which is the legal basis for collaboration among agriculture, manufacturing and service industry, and the 'Act on the Creation of New Businesses by Farmers and Fishermen Utilizing Local Resources and Promotion of Utilization of Local Agricultural and Marine Products,' which is often referred to as the Law on Sixth Industrialization. In order to collect opinions on legislating a law that aims to foster the development of rural industries, a survey was conducted among experts, and the survey results showed that there is a consensus on the need to legislate such a law. 95.1% of respondents said that it is necessary to have an independent law like the Rural Industries Promotion Act (tentative name) to revitalize rural industries. As for measures that need to be taken to support project participants and companies, the survey showed that there is a significant need for expanding sales network and markets (28.2%) and business incubation and consulting (27.2%). The basic directions for legislating the Rural Industries Promotion Act are suggested as the following. First, the basic ideology should be set on maintaining and developing rural society and communities. Second, the legal concept of rural industry should be built to conform to the special law. Third, a basic plan, as well as an action plan, should be set up to systematically foster rural industries. Fourth, a legal foundation to revitalize intermediate support organizations should be laid down. Fifth, a legal basis to foster rural industries should be laid down. Sixth, industry conversion and win-win cooperation should be strengthened in rural areas. Researchers: Yong-Lyoul Kim, Myung-Un Jeong, and Ja-Hye Min Research period: 2013. 5. - 2013. 8.E-mail address: kimyl@krei.re.kr
목차
제1장 서론 제2장 국내 농촌산업 현황과 새로운 형태의 농촌산업 분석제3장 농촌산업 육성과 관련된 법령의 체계제4장 산업육성과 관련된 법령상 지원체계제5장 농촌산업육성법(가칭) 제정에 관한 의견 수렴제6장 농촌산업 활성화를 위한 농촌산업육성법(가칭) 법령 제정 방안제7장 농촌산업 활성화를 위한 입법제안 및 해설
발행처
한국농촌경제연구원
과제명
농촌산업육성법(가칭) 제정 연구용역
발간물 유형
KREI 보고서
URI
http://repository.krei.re.kr/handle/2018.oak/20512
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연구보고서 > 수탁보고서 (C)
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