농촌산업 통계·동향 분석을 통한 6차산업 발전전략 연구

영문 제목
A Study on the Development Strategies of the 6th Industry by Analyzing Rural Industrial Statistics
저자
김용렬정은미최용욱한태녕
출판년도
2014-02-28
초록
농촌은 농촌 인구의 감소, 고령화, 도농소득격차 심화 등 부정적 상황이 지속되고 있다. 이를 타파하기 위해 농촌산업과 6차산업화가 필요한 시점이다. 농촌산업 정책과 6차산업화 정책을 위해서는 농촌산업과 농촌의 현실을 객관적으로 판단할 수 있는 기준이 필요하다. 이것은 계량화된 통계에서 찾을 수 있다. 농촌산업과 6차산업화 육성을 위해 농촌산업의 현실은 어떠한지, 6차산업화 현황은 어떠한지를 통계를 통해 짚어 볼 수 있어야 한다. 객관적인 자료를 토대로 정책이 이루어져야 타당한 논리와 농업인, 농촌주민, 국민에 대한 설득이 가능하기 때문이다. 6차산업화 정책은 상생협력을 기반으로 한 융복합화 활동인 6차산업화를 통해 농업의 부가가치를 증대시키고, 이를 통해 농가소득을 증대시키고자 하는 정책적 활동을 의미한다. 또한 6차산업화 활동이라는 혁신활동을 확대시킴으로써 농촌산업의 활성화도 꾀하고자 하는 정책이라 할 수 있다. 이 연구는 6차산업화를 통한 농촌지역 활성화에 필요한 방안을 모색하고자 하고 있다. 이를 위해 우선, 농촌산업의 개념을 설정하고, 이를 기준으로 하여 농촌산업과 6차산업화 동향을 파악하고 있다. 그리고 과거의 농촌산업 정책의 문제점을 진단하여 향후 추진 방향을 도출하고, 6차 산업화를 통한 농촌경제 활성화를 위해 필요한 거버넌스 구축 등을 위한 방안들을 마련하였다.
◦ This study aims to find ways to vitalize rural areas through the 6th industrialization of agriculture.◦ Rural industry is the industrial space of industrial activities in rural areas. The 6th industrialization is the convergence activity among industrial activities, and the 6th industry means the industry formed through the 6th industrialization activities among the rural industry.◦ The 6th industrialization policy can mean a policy to increase agriculture’s value added through the 6th industrialization, which is the convergence activity based on win-win cooperation, thus raising farm income. Also, this policy can be a policy to vitalize the rural industry by expanding the innovative 6th industrialization activity. ㅇ To examine the rural industry’s current trend, it is needed to see the rural economy’s trend and the industry’s overall change. - In gun, which can be classified as typical rural areas, GRDP is growing steadily. However, the GRDP growth rate of gun is lower than that of general cities and urban-rural consolidated cities. - According to the statistics of the number of businesses in eup and myeon in Korea, the number of businesses decreased in agriculture, forestry, fishery, and wholesale and retail trade. - While the number of wholesale and retail businesses in eup in Korea increased slightly, that in myeon decreased largely. - 64% (20,567 people in 2011) of the people in agricultural, forestry, and fishery businesses work in rural areas (eup and myeon). - The manufacturers’ size in eup and myeon is estimated to have grown on average. - According to the result of the shift-share analysis, Gyeonggi-do specializes in agriculture, forestry, and fishery. Gyeonggi-do, Chungcheongbuk-do, Chungcheongnam-do, Gyeongsangbuk-do, and Gyeongsangnam-do specialize in manufacturing. ㅇ The location quotient analysis shows that the number of the people in agricultural, forestry, and fishery businesses is a big part in rural areas. The 6th industrialization is closely related to manufacturing and the service industry related to art, sports, and leisure. All rural areas except Gangwon-do and Jeju-do specialize in manufacturing. Only Gyeonggi-do, Gangwon-do, Jeollabuk-do, Jeollanam-do, and Jeju-do specialize in the service industry related to art, sports, and leisure, unlike manufacturing.◦ To see the 6th industry’s present state, farm households and agricultural corporates were examined. - For the last 5 years, the farm households doing the 6th industrialization activity increased over 58,000 households from 103,981 households in 2005 to 162,640 households in 2010. - The number of agricultural corporates doing nonfarm production closely related to the 6th industry is 8,493 in 2012, nearly 4 times higher than that (1,941) in 2000. - In terms of a share of agricultural corporates by type, distribution and manufacturing industries’ share is growing greatly. - In 2010, the number of farm households and corporates participating in the 6th industrialization was 171,133. Among them, the number of farm households was 162,640, and the number of agricultural corporates was 8,493.◦ A survey was conducted to know policy demanders’ awareness of the 6th industrialization measures. - The number of the survey’s participants: 554 (The people in agriculture, forestry, and fishery were 85.5% (459 people) of all respondents.) - The respondents have a high awareness of the 6th industrialization. The 6th industry can increase income, and farmers want to have the right of pricing decisions through the 6th industrialization. Farmers make the most effort to extend the market, but they have difficulties due to the lack of expertise in sales and marketing. - Most respondents were positive about the government’s 6th industrialization measures. The respondents expect much of the regional consortium project group, sales and export support plans, the rural industry cluster zone, and the intermediary organization designation project.◦ To develop the 6th industry for the vitalization of the rural industry, the following strategies are needed: - Metropolitan councils and city and gun (county) governments should make plans to promote the rural industry. - Intermediary organizations need to be vitalized. - The council for the development of the rural industry is needed for the development of the industry and the 6th industrialization. - As a base to promote the 6th industrialization and the rural industry, the rural industry cluster zone (the 6th industry cluster zone) is needed. - In terms of business, product development, production, marketing, and procurement of managerial resources are important. Researchers: Yong-Lyoul Kim, Eun-Mee Jeong, Yong-Woog Choi, and Tae-Nyoung Han Research period: 2013. 6. - 2014. 2.E-mail address: kimyl@krei.re.kr
목차
제1장 서 론제2장 농촌산업과 6차산업화의 개념과 의미제3장 농촌산업의 동향과 6차산업 현황제4장 국내외 6차산업 관련 정책제5장 6차산업화 대책에 대한 정책수요자 인식제6장 농촌산업 활성화를 위한 6차산업 발전 전략
발행처
한국농촌경제연구원
과제명
농촌산업 통계·동향 분석을 통한 6차산업 발전전략 연구
발간물 유형
KREI 보고서
URI
http://repository.krei.re.kr/handle/2018.oak/20767
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연구보고서 > 수탁보고서 (C)
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