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dc.description.abstract농촌지역 일자리는 지역경제를 유지하고 소득을 창출하는 통로로써 중요하다. 그러기에 농촌지역 일자리 유지·창출 전략 및 정책은 농촌정책에서 중요한 논의 중 하나이다. 그러나 일자리는 노동시장의 결과물로, 일자리 유지·창출 전략을 논하기 앞서 일자리가 생성되는 노동시장의 구조를 면밀히 살펴보고, 보다 근원적 논의가 선행되어야 한다. 현재까지 농촌지역 노동시장을 연구는 매우 미미하다. 대다수의 관련 연구는 농촌지역 일자리 창출 사례와 현황에 중점을 두고 논의를 진행해 왔다. 이 보고서는 농촌지역 일자리를 노동시장이라는 관점으로 보다 근본적으로 접근하였으며, 그동안 연구되지 않았던 농촌지역 노동시장의 변화를 통시적·거시적으로 살폈다. 또한, 이러한 변화가 시장 내·외부적으로 어떠한 요인들로 인해 촉발되었는지 노동수요와 공급의 관점에서 거시적·미시적으로 분석하였다.-
dc.description.abstractBackgrounds & Purpose of Research Employment and jobs have a direct impact on the lives and wealth of individuals. Through employment and jobs, individuals earn income, spend and save as needed. Expanding into the country, employment and jobs affect the income and spending of the country, which is a major factor affecting the nation's wealth. Therefore, employment and employment policies are important in a country's policy. However, to discuss employment policy, it is first necessary to understand the structure of the labor market in which employment is determined and the characteristics of agents in the labor market - labor demanders, labor suppliers. In order to understand these characteristics, urban and rural areas should be approached separately. The industrial structure in urban and rural areas is different, and the characteristics of the workers constituting the labor market are also different. Also, within the rural labor market, industrial sector and regional approaches are needed, that is, a separate approach is needed for the agricultural sector and the non-agriculture sector, and the difference in industrial distribution according to regional characteristics affects the high capacity of each sector. Most of the existing studies are mainly focused on cases of job creation and status research in rural areas. It is hard to find a research that focuses on the labor market in rural areas and shows the whole picture of the change. The most recent research related to this is the study by Lee Seung Ryul et al. (2005). However, over the past decade, there has been a change in the composition of suppliers and industrial structure in the rural labor market. Therefore, based on the review and analysis of employment changes in various industrial sectors with focus on rural areas, it is necessary to study the overall changes in the rural labor market including agricultural sector as well as non-agricultural sector. In addition, it is necessary to study the factors that triggered these changes and to think about the tasks required for the labor market in rural areas. The purpose of this study is to identify the structure and changes in the labor market in rural areas, to review and analyze the background and factors of labor market changes and related policies and systems, and to propose policy tasks.Method of Research The main research method is quantitative analysis through basic statistical analysis and quantitative model using secondary data. The statistical data used for the analysis were the economically active population survey, national business survey, and regional employment survey. Rural labor markets are analyzed by sectors (agriculture, manufacturing, services) and regions (counties, urban and rural composite City), using the data. Specifically, the labor market of the agriculture sector was analyzed through the survey data of the economically active population, and the non -agriculture sector (manufacturing and service industry) analyzed the labor demand side through business survey and the supply side through regional employment survey. The analytical methods used are technical statistical analysis, Regional Shift-Share Model, and Hierarchical Linear Model. Through technical statistical analysis, we looked at the dynamic changes of the rural labor market in general. In order to analyze the factors that triggered these changes, we analyzed the demand side and the supply side. On the demand side, we examined the effect of the national variables, the regional variables and the internal variables on the changes in the labor market demand in rural areas through the Regional Shift-Share Model using the business survey. On the supply side, we analyzed the behavior of suppliers in the rural labor market through a Hierarchical Linear Model using regional employment survey data. Specifically, we examined how the individual labor supply and the differences in the rural and industrial sectors affect the wage levels of the individual participants in the labor market. It also analyzes the socioeconomic effects of individuals that affect individual wages.Results of Research This study consists of five chapters. In Chapter 1, we examined the background and purpose of the research, the scope of the research, the methods and contents, and the previous research on the labor market in rural areas. The previous studies were divided into research related to rural labor market, research related to local labor market and employment, and analysis of determinants related to employment. Chapter 2 looks at the overall process of change in the labor market in rural areas over the past decade. The process of change was dealt with in terms of population structure, changes in industrial structure, changes in workers' status, and changes in wages of workers by sector. In Chapter 3, the changes in the overall rural labor market analyzed in Chapter 2 were divided into sectors and examined more closely. The labor market sector is divided into the agricultural sector, the manufacturing sector and the service sector. In Chapter 4, we analyze the causes of labor market changes in each sector. Specifically, we analyzed the factors influencing the labor market using the Regional Shift-Share Model and the Hierarchical Linear Model. Finally, Chapter 5 summarizes the discussion, analysis results and implications of the previous chapters, and presents the policy tasks for the future rural labor market.Researchers: Eom Jinyoung, Kim Kwangseon, and Lim Jieun Research Period: 2016. 1. ~ 2016. 10.E-mail address: jeom@krei.re.kr-
dc.description.tableofcontents제1장 서론 제2장 농촌지역 노동시장 변화제3장 부문별 농촌지역 노동시장 변화 실태제4장 농촌지역 노동시장 변화 요인 분석제5장 요약 및 정책과제-
dc.title농촌지역 노동시장 변화 실태와 정책과제-
dc.title.alternativeThe Changes in Rural Labor Market and Policy Tasks-
dc.typeKREI 보고서-
dc.contributor.alternativeNameEom, Jinyoung-
dc.contributor.alternativeNameKim, Kwangsun-
dc.contributor.alternativeNameLim, Jieun-
dc.relation.isPartOf농촌지역 노동시장 변화 실태와 정책과제-
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