DDA 및 FTA에 대응한 농업&농촌 정책의 방향과 과제
- Agriculture in repose to DDA and FTA: Direction and challenges of agricultural policy
- 김정호; 전창곤; 최경환; 박시현; 박대식; 이병훈; 강소영
- 목 차제 1 장 쌀산업의 구조개편 방안 요 약 제1절 쌀농업 구조의 동향과전망 제2절 쌀 생산의 경제성과 비용 절감 제3절 경영규모 확대와 농지유동화 제4절고품질쌀 생산과 단수 전망 제5절 DDA 농업협상과 쌀 수매제도제 2 장 품목별 경쟁력제고 방안 요 약 제1절 채소산업제2절 과실산업 제3절 한우산업 제4절 낙농산업 제5절 양돈산업 제6절양계산업제 3 장 농산물 유통개혁 방안 요 약 제1절 농산물 산지?소비지유통혁신 제2절 농산물 도매시장 유통혁신제 4 장 농촌 교육여건의 개선방안 요 약 제1절 농어촌 교육의 현황과문제점 제2절 농어촌 교육의 방향과 정책과제 제3절 농업계 학교교육의 개선제 5 장 농촌지역 주거환경의 개선방안 요 약 제1절 농촌 정주여건의변화 제2절 농촌계획의 방향과 과제 제3절 농촌종합개발사업의 개선 제4절 농촌개발사업의운영체계와 재원제 6 장 농촌복지특별법 제정방안 요 약 제1절 농어촌 보건의료서비스의문제점과 개선 제2절 농촌지역 국민연금제도 개선 제3절 국민기초생활보장제도의 개선 제4절농촌 문화복지의 개선 제5절 여성농업인 복지와 농가도우미제도 개선 제6절 농어촌 노인복지의증진 제7절 농어촌복지특별법 제정과 운영
NGO`s activities can be legitimate because they are based on socialphenomena and because NGOs play an important role in responding to socialdysfunction. Also, the appearance of the concept of global governance shows theimportance of NGO`s activities and the necessity of their participation in thepolicy process.The purposes of this study are to analyze how NGOs participate in theagricultural policy process and to depict what the desirable ways of theirpolicy participation are.Research methods for this study are as follows: first, in order toanalyze the real situations of policy participation of agriculture-related NGOs,we analyzed twenty eight agriculture-related NGOs based on the data collected byquestionnaire and interviews and compared them with data gained by analyzingfifty eight general NGOs located in Seoul; second, in order to evaluate theparticipation of agriculture-related NGOs in the policy process, we conductedquestionnaire from interviewing NGOs` staffs and public officials and comparedtwo groups.It is proved that the objective conditions of NGOs are not related tothe positiveness or spontaneity of their activities. The positiveness andspontaneity of their activities are not closely related to the objectiveconditions, but to their intrinsic goals and characteristics.The necessity of NGOs` participation in the policy process isrecognized by NGOs and policy authorities. NGO`s participation can make policymakers agricultural policies based on real fields and establish cooperationrelationship between two groups. Also, they have common opinion about NGO`sparticipation in setting up the fundamental plan like mid- and long-termagricultural and rural development plans. On the other hand, there aredifferences in the disadvantages of NGO`s participation and the obstacles on theactivation of NGO`s participation.There were considerable changes in the ways and modes of NGO`sparticipation. The modes and ways of participation have been diversified such asmovement shifts from illegal riots to legal and formal participation of being apartner of formal committees and commissions. However, in general, theparticipation is still more formal. NGOs think that government policies have notreflected the voices of actual fields. Because government authority thinks thatNGOs have stated their interest rather than the interests of the agriculturalsector as a whole, they could not help having limitations in responding torelated NGOs` voices. That is, public officials understand these phenomena as asort of Nimby. In order to solve these problems, NGOs` participationshould be directed to setting up their substantial participation.It is very meaningful for government authorities to carry outcooperative projects with NGOs. Korean agriculture is not competitive as awhole. Only a few items have competitiveness. Rebuilding agriculturalvitality depends upon the change of paradigm based on the new recognition ofagriculture and rural areas such as multi-functionality. The basic premisein building a new paradigm is that the protection of agriculture and governmentsubsidy should be based on general people's consensus. NGOs are the mostdesirable organizations that try to pursue their goals without their owninterests according to the principles of social justice and public interest inorder to gain people's consensus. Some projects that need public relationscarried out by NGOs having integrity may be better than by governmentagencies.In this aspect, existing policy response of policy authority may not beactive. Although government authorities formalize NGO`s participationaccording to timely needs, their positive will has been positive in establishinga new paradigm for policy participation. They do not recognize the necessity andvalue of NGO`s participation in the policy process in terms of the protection ofagriculture based on the persuasion of people.The desirable way of civilian policy participation is that agriculturalpolicy authority should recognize NGOs as policy partners and carry outagricultural projects substantially. The way of cooperation between NGOs andpolicy authorities should be different from issues and make sure the rolesof NGOs and policy authority. Especially, NGOs carry out projects that need theconsensus of people and public relations.There are some improvements in relationship between NGOs and policyauthorities. First, mutual understanding between them should be expanded. Bothsides should expand relationships and put lots of efforts to understandeach other. Also, existing relationship of the provision of supports and thereception of benefits should be changed to the relationship of mutualcooperation. Second, the way of policy participation of NGOs should bediversified and substantialized such as participating committees havingdecision-making authority and the delegation of agricultural policyimplementation. The objects of privatization of agricultural policy areas areeducation for consumers and general public and commercialized fields enabling torun projects without government supports. For example, the involved are theeducation for environmentally friendly agriculture and retuning to the farming,green tourism and rural amenity, consulting farming, and so on.Foreign cases shed some lights on reforming the mode of policyparticipation of NGOs. French Agricultural Lead Committee can be adopted.However, institutional improvement needs other previous conditions likegovernment organizational reform.
- KREI 보고서
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