지역경제 활성화를 위한 로컬푸드시스템 구축방안

영문 제목
Local Food System Construction Plan for Revival of Local Economy
저자
정은미
출판년도
2011-02-01
초록
로컬푸드(Local Food)는 식품 안전성이 사회문제화 되면서 일본의 지산지소, 미국의 CSA(Community Supported Agriculture)와 같이 소비자와 지역의 소규모 농가가 신뢰를 바탕으로 먹을거리의 안전성을 추구하는 도농간의 대안운동이다. 로컬푸드 운동은 식품안전, 농가소득 보장, 지역관계의 회복뿐만 아니라 지역순환경제를 통해 지역경제 활성화에도 기여하며 세계화된 농식품 체계의 문제로부터 농촌 황폐화와 식품불안에 대한 대안을 찾으려고 한다. 그러나 생산의 계절성·지역성, 시기별 집중생산과 연중 분산소비의 농산물 특성상 수급조절 문제는 로컬푸드 운동의 지속성을 어렵게 하고 있다. 생산자가 자신의 신용을 내세우며 직접 판매하고, 소비자는 중간유통마진 없이 안전한 농산물을 구입할 수 있다는 장점은 있지만 로컬푸드시스템으로 대량 또는 지속적으로 공급·운영하기는 곤란하다. 그러므로 지역에서 로컬푸드를 가능하게 하는 요소를 찾아내고 의미있게 운영하기 위해서는 거래주체 간 가격과 수급에 대한 협의체계를 비롯한 지역농산물의 유통 시스템 구축이 필요하다. 본 연구는 국내외 다양한 로컬푸드 운동의 사례를 농산물 유통과 유통주체의 관점에서 분석하여 로컬푸드 운동이 갖는 의의를 살펴보고 지역의 로컬푸드시스템 구축 방안을 모색하는데 목적이 있다.
The purpose of this study is to examine the current situation of the local food movement and explore ways to build a local food system from the standpoint of distribution of agricultural products. To this end, this study summarized the background, scope, and contents of the local food movement in various countries, such as “Jisan Jishou (local production for local consumption)” of Japan, “Slow Food” of Italy, and “Community Supported Agriculture” of the U.S. “Local food” or “local food movement” signifies a new relationship that seeks sustainability of production and consumption of food, rather than a concept focused on specificity of a region. For some examples of local food marketing in Korea, this study examined an early morning market in Wonju, Gangwon Province, a farmers' market in Chungju, Chungbuk Province, and a local food package delivery project of a women farmers' association. The sales activities of the local food movement are centered around active marketing by producers, but the purchase patterns of consumers vary greatly depending on the content of consumption. In the case of early morning markets and farmers' markets, which are physically close to producers and consumers, agricultural products are sold through simple transactions; but in the case of the local food package delivery service, which is based on contractual transactions, active participation by consumers plays a key role in the conclusion of a transaction. As for the examples of local food being provided to schools, this study examined Naju City in Jeonnam Province and Yangpyeong County in Gyeonggi Province, and found that it costs less to supply school meals in Yangpyeong than in Naju since a same supplier makes a tour in the same region to collect and distribute food supplies. It is true that despite many benefits the use of local agricultural produce for school meals is not properly established because the amount of agricultural produce consumed is small and the local distribution system is not properly maintained. Since the food self-sufficiency rate of Korea in terms of calorie intake stands at mere 48.7% as of 2008, it is difficult to supply all food items with local produce even if one desires to build a local food supply system ambitiously. Therefore, it is necessary to prepare ways that can reduce the social distance, rather than the physical distance, between producers and consumers, and provide services that are not provided by the existing agricultural distribution system, but are needed by producers and consumers alike. Thus, in order to earn the support of consumers through the local food movement and meet the demand for agricultural products, it is necessary that producers and consumers have common understanding of local agriculture. In order to establish a local food system, it is necessary to create a consultative body that can check the basics of a local food system, raise the competency of key players of the food system (from production to distribution, processing, and consumption), and solve problems that may occur at different times on item basis. The producer-to-consumer relationship should be restored, and only then can an action plan be drawn up through consultation. Support for local food should be provided only when one can clearly identify the target of support (such as local producers and consumer organizations) for sustainable agriculture. In principle, the support for local food should be provided to software first, rather than hardware, in the form of material support by the decision of a consultative body. Also, information exchange forums should be prepared to connect production with consumption. Such support measures are to encourage sound consumption and promote consumer movement for sustainable development of local community. Researchers: Jeong, Eun-MeeResearch period: 2010. 10. - 2011. 2.E-mail address: jeongem@krei.re.kr
목차
제1장 서론 제2장 로컬푸드의 배경과 범위제3장 로컬푸드의 운영실태 및 사례 비교제4장 로컬푸드시스템의 구축방안제5장 요약 및 결론
발행처
한국농촌경제연구원
과제명
지역경제 활성화를 위한 로컬푸드시스템 구축방안 연구
주제어
농산물유통; 지속가능한농업; 식품안전
발간물 유형
KREI 보고서
URI
http://repository.krei.re.kr/handle/2018.oak/19619
Appears in Collections:
연구보고서 > 수탁보고서 (C)
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