농림업 후방연관산업의 전략적 발전방안: 작물보호제와 무기질비료

영문 제목
Development Directions for Backward Linkage Industries in the Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries: with reference to Fertilizer and Pesticides
농자재산업은 농업노동의 생산성을 향상시키는 데 결정적인 역할을 수행해 왔으며, 핵심적인 기술도입과 활용의 대상으로 지속적으로 농업발전에 기여하고 있다. 이 연구는 다년차 연구과제로서 국내외적으로 중요 농자재를 선정한 다음, 해당 농자재산업에 대한 국제적인 시장 전망과 기업동향 분석, 국내 산업의 현황과 문제점, 발전방안 모색, 농자재 이용과 유통, 관련 제도의 검토와 개선안 강구, 농자재산업의 국내외 기술수준과 기술개발 방향의 전망 등을 종합적으로 연구하고, 개선방안을 제시하기 위해 수행되었다. 1차년도에는 우선 농자재산업의 투입재산업과 농업과의 연관정도를 단계적으로 파악하여 농자재생산 원재료의 시장변화에 따른 농업에 대한 파급효과를 살펴보았다. 또한 농업발전에 있어 생산성 향상에 지대한 공헌을 한 무기질비료(화학비료)와 작물보호제(농약)를 둘러싼 문제점을 살펴보고 개선방안을 도출하였다. 작물보호제는 최근 경제수준의 향상과 건강지향적인 트렌드의 영향, 기후변화 등 대내외적인 여건변화로 인하여 안전성 문제가 부각되고 있다. 이와 관련하여 작물보호제의 생산에서 사용까지 안전성에 관련된 평가지표를 토대로 각 단계별 현안 이슈를 파악하고 개선방안을 강구하였다. 끝으로 여러 가지 어려움에 처한 무기질비료산업의 동향을 파악하고, 무기질비료 공급체계와 가격 결정 분석을 통해 효율적인 무기질비료 공급체계 개선방안을 제시하였다.
Background of Research This study used input-output analysis model to analyze front and rear correlations of agro-material industry and agriculture sector, and industrial correlations of agro-material industry and agriculture sector were mathematically measured. Method of Research In this study we examined the level of influence of the cost changes in agro-material industry and increase in international crude oil price and domestic petroleum products prices to see how much they affected to the costs of agro-material industry, agriculture sector and other industry including agriculture. Also, an economic analysis was carried out using a variety of analytical methods such as Analytic Hierarchy Process(AHP), Bruce Merrifield-Ohe(BMO), IPA(Importance-Performance Analysis), and the actual inspection guideline of Rural Development Administration. The objective of the improvement of inorganic fertilizer supply system which was set based on the identified supply situation and the derived pending issues is 'the stable supply of inorganic fertilizer and the settlement of fair trade'Research Results and Implications The 1st subject: An Input-Output Analysis and Prices Changes in Agro-Material Industry The significance of this research is to examine the importance of agro-material and the level of its correlation with agriculture based on ripple effect analysis of agro-material industry. The characteristics of this research is the analysis on the importance of agro-material industry in agriculture sector using demand not served model instead of the existing general production inducement effect model. Nevertheless, analysis on the level of correlation with changes in production cost for agro-material will have to be further developed through supplementation, and in the future long-term time series input output analysis is judged to be necessary. The 2nd subject: A Study of Crop Protection Materials Industry Trends and Development Strategy: Focusing on Improving Safety Management According to the research results, the improvement plans are as follows: First, crop protection materials test laboratories are in cutthroat competition against each other and the problem is that they are poorly managed and their management is unsystematic. Therefore, the government should strictly manage and provide policy support to the test laboratories. It is a matter of urgency that operating guidelines are provided and disseminated to them for widespread use. Second, the issue facing the manufacturing companies is that although their awareness of safety is rather high as they recognize the importance of developing new biological and low toxic pesticides, Korea's technology level is low compared to developed countries and the burden of developing new technologies is too high for them. They express that the government should provide aid for R&D and training of technical experts. Third, labeling of crop protection materials is incoherent among manufacturers and containers. In many cases, labeling was not properly carried out both in terms of form and content, and it does not provide important information efficiently. Thus, there is a need to reorganize the labeling system and standardize the labels. Fourth, the government should provide incentives and education programs to farmers and at the same time engage in PR activities so that they can better comply with the regulations. Fifth, farmers should strive to minimize the pollution of surrounding areas of their farms when they spray crop protection materials. Korea needs to prepare regulations and guidelines for airplane spraying before it becomes widely used. In addition, incentives should be expanded to induce farmers to report their use of the chemicals when using small amount. As in developed countries, the government should strengthen the regulations on small amount use of the chemicals and provide incentives and support. Finally, in order to relieve the inconvenience farmers experience during the management stage, a systematic collection system should be set up to pick up empty containers and dispose the residuals. In this regard, the government should take the lead and raise the awareness of farmers and manufacturers on the need to collect empty containers and dispose the residuals. The 3rd subject: Trend of Inorganic Fertilizer Industry and its development plan - With focus given to supply system improvement planThe objective of the improvement of inorganic fertilizer supply system which was set based on the identified supply situation and the derived pending issues is 'the stable supply of inorganic fertilizer and the settlement of fair trade', and concrete improvement plan under the objective is as follows. First, it is desirable to reduce the kind of inorganic fertilizers subject to competitive bid in order to guarantee a part of user option and to exclude a part of incidental costs at the time of calculating unit price subject to bid. Second, for the preparation of stable securing plan for raw materials for fertilizer, systematic and comprehensive measures including the reinforced information compilation, diversification of countries for import and the appropriation of budget for overseas market survey. Third, programs such as loss indemnification anticipation system and 2 years disqualification of collusion companies for bid should be strictly applied, while specifying the pertinent items in the Fertilizer Administration Act in case unfair trade is not eradicated even after strict applications. Fourth, the participants to bid are requested not to venture the bidding below a reserve price at the time of bidding on voluntary basis and to consider self-restructuring. And also the expansion of demand should be planned through the development of export market while elaborating the development of slow-acting fertilizer or functional fertilizer. Fifth, for the mitigation of farmers burden for management cost and the increase of the portion of customized fertilizer supply, it is also necessary to consider the establishment of 'fertilizer raw material stable security committee (provisional name)' at pan-government level.Researchers: Chang-Yong Kang, Hyun-Tae Park, Ki-Hwan Park, and Hye-Sung Han.E-mail address: cykang@krei.re.kr
제1장 서 론제2장 농자재산업의 산업연관분석과 가격변화 영향제3장 작물보호제산업의 동향과 발전방안: 안전성 관리 개선방안을 중심으로제4장 무기질비료산업의 동향과 발전방안: 공급체계 개선방안을 중심으로
농림업 후방연관산업의 전략적 발전방안: 작물보호제와 무기질비료
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KREI 보고서
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