작물보호제산업의 동향과 발전 방안 : 안전성 관리 개선 방안을 중심으로
- A Study of Crop Protection Materials Industry Trends and Development Strategy - Focusing on Improving Safety Management
- 강창용; 한혜성
- 농업에서 작물보호제(농약)는 농작물을 병해충으로부터 예방하거나 구제하여 생산성과 품질을 유지하는데 커다란 기여를 하였지만 독성으로 인한 위험성을 유발하는 양면성이 있다. 현실농업에서 작물보호제는 방제의 대부분을 의존하고 있기 때문에 농산물의 생산을 위해서는 필수적인 식물의약품이라고 할 수 있다. 그럼에도 불구하고 최근 지속가능한 농업이 미래가치의 중심이 되면서 잔류 농약문제, 독성문제, 오남용으로 인한 사건․사고 등 부정적인 부문이 대중매체를 통해 부각되어 작물보호제에 대한 시각은 재조명받고 있다. 친환경적인 농업지향과 건강, 영향, 환경을 중요시하는 웰빙 소비트렌드를 반영하여 삶의 질을 향상시키기 위해서는 작물보호제의 위험성을 최소화함으로써 안전성을 확보하는 것이 반드시 필요하다. 이 연구는 작물보호제의 안전성 증대를 위해서 작물보호제의 생산에서 사용까지 안전성과 관련된 평가지표를 토대로 각 단계별 현안 이슈를 파악하고 개선방안을 강구하고자 하였다.
Background of Research It is essential that crop protection materials help prevent diseases in farm products in order to maintain productivity and quality. There are two sides to chemical pesticides because they can cause pollution with high levels of toxicity. It is essential to secure the safety of crop protection materials for eco-friendly agriculture. The main goal of this research is to analyze the current issues related to crop protection materials, that is, from production to consumption, and then suggest management improvement plans for safe use and disposal of crop protection materials.Method of Research This study investigated test laboratories and manufacturing companies of crop protection materials including biological control agents. Questionnaire and field surveys of labeling experts, farmers, academic researchers and industry professionals were conducted. Also, an economic analysis was carried out using a variety of analytical methods such as Analytic Hierarchy Process(AHP), Bruce Merrifield-Ohe(BMO), IPA(Importance-Performance Analysis), and the actual inspection guideline of Rural Development Administration. Research Results and Implications According to the research results, the improvement plans are as follows: First, crop protection materials test laboratories are in cutthroat competition against each other and the problem is that they are poorly managed and their management is unsystematic. Therefore, the government should strictly manage and provide policy support to the test laboratories. It is a matter of urgency that operating guidelines are provided and disseminated to them for widespread use. Second, the issue facing the manufacturing companies is that although their awareness of safety is rather high as they recognize the importance of developing new biological and low toxic pesticides, Korea's technology level is low compared to developed countries and the burden of developing new technologies is too high for them. They express that the government should provide aid for R&D and training of technical experts. Third, labeling of crop protection materials is incoherent among manufacturers and containers. In many cases, labeling was not properly carried out both in terms of form and content, and it does not provide important information efficiently. Thus, there is a need to reorganize the labeling system and standardize the labels. Fourth, the government should provide incentives and education programs to farmers and at the same time engage in PR activities so that they can better comply with the regulations. Fifth, farmers should strive to minimize the pollution of surrounding areas of their farms when they spray crop protection materials. Korea needs to prepare regulations and guidelines for airplane spraying before it becomes widely used. In addition, incentives should be expanded to induce farmers to report their use of the chemicals when using small amount. As in developed countries, the government should strengthen the regulations on small amount use of the chemicals and provide incentives and support. Finally, in order to relieve the inconvenience farmers experience during the management stage, a systematic collection system should be set up to pick up empty containers and dispose the residuals. In this regard, the government should take the lead and raise the awareness of farmers and manufacturers on the need to collect empty containers and dispose the residuals. Researchers: Chang-Yong Kang, Hye-Sung Han.E-mail address: firstname.lastname@example.org, email@example.com.
- 제1장 서 론 제2장 작물보호제 산업의 동향과 안전성 문제제3장 유통이전 단계의 작물보호제 안전성 관리와 문제제4장 작물보호제 사용･사용 후 안전성 관리와 문제제5장 작물보호제 안전성제고를 위한 단계별 개선방안제6장 요약 및 결론
- 농림업 후방연관산업의 전략적 발전방안
- KREI 보고서
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