산림작물 생산단지 조성사업 실태조사 및 개선방안

영문 제목
A Review on the Forestry Policy to Support Building a Infrastructure of Large Scale Farm for Forest Products
저자
민경택정호근장철수문지민
출판년도
2012-12-31
초록
산림청은 산림을 소득자원화하고 청정자연 임산물에 대한 소비자 수요에 부응하기 위해 산림작물 생산단지 조성사업을 지원해 왔다. 이 사업은 임업인의 산림작물 생산의 규모증대를 지원하는 사업이다. 이 사업이 추진된 지 4년이 지났기 때문에 사업추진의 성과를 분석하고 모니터링하는 것은 매우 시의적절하다. 이 연구의 결과가 산림작물 생산단지 조성사업의 문제점을 개선하고 임업인의 생산활동을 돕는 데 기여하기를 기대한다.
To keep up with growing demand for clean forestry products the Forest Service of Korea has been supporting to make large scale farms for producing forest products since 2008. Being provided the 60% of the budget by central and local government, farmer can do land arrangement or build necessary facilities such as sprinkler, well, greenhouse, fence and so on. The farms located in flat land as well as forest can grow various forest products including mushroom, wild greens, medicinal plants, ginseng, trees such as jujube and even scenic tree species. Starting 11 farms in 2008, there are 99 farms nationwide in mountain areas. Among them the majority of products are wild greens(32 farms), wild ginseng(18 farms), and mushroom(20). In terms of the location, there are 29 greenhouse or growing facility, 57 forest, and 13 flat land. Typically farms in flat land are more integrated than farms in forest in terms of land arrangement and cultivation. The purpose of the study is to review the program based on field study and make policy suggestion. Based on the financial as well as sustainability analysis to cover current and future, we can conclude that the program shows 36% success ratio such that 23 farms among 64 farms are success. In terms of species, mushroom and bracken, a type of wild greens, show better business result than others. Though the key factors for achieving success of forest products farm business are varied on products and farm types, there are some conditions that can be generally applied to all types of farms. Farmer's willingness is vital and farms should be expert in cultivated products. Farmers having earlier experience in cultivating the product show more tendency of success than farmers don't. Operating cost for farm should be planned carefully with business plan covering the period until full-scale harvest. Most of forest products and especially ginseng takes many years before starting the harvest. Considering this, it is better to mix products that have different growing period. For example, rather than cultivating only wild ginseng that takes at least 7 to 8 years, farmers can grow wild greens and can expect some income that can be used to maintain farm until full-scale ginseng harvest. To find the right spot for growing the product in farm is essential for the success. It is suggest to do trial and error to find the right spot before starting the farm. One way of it is to require the growing test result when submit the farming plan to be selected in governmen program. When selecting the candidate for the government-sponsored business, cultivating experience, farm scale, the way to acquire the operation cost, land ownership should be checked carefully. Researchers: Kyung-Taek Min, Ho-Gun Chong, Cheol-Su Chang, Ji-Min MoonResearch period: 2012. 1. - 2012. 12. E-mail address: minkt@krei.re.kr
목차
제1장 서 론제2장 산림작물 생산 및 소득현황제3장 산림작물 생산단지 조성사업 현황 및 실태분석제4장 산림작물 생산단지 조성사업 모니터링제5장 산림작물 생산단지 조성사업의 성과분석제6장 산림작물 생산단지 활성화 방안제7장 결론 및 요약
발행처
한국농촌경제연구원
과제명
산림작물생산단지조성사업 실태조사 및 개선방안
발간물 유형
KREI 보고서
URI
http://repository.krei.re.kr/handle/2018.oak/20506
Appears in Collections:
연구보고서 > 수탁보고서 (C)
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