친환경농업 직접지불제 개편방안 연구

영문 제목
Reorganizing Direct Payment Program for Environment-friendly Agriculture
저자
정학균김창길김종진
출판년도
2014-01-30
초록
최근 들어서 친환경농업이 농업환경을 보전하는 가치가 있기 때문에 친환경농업 직접지불금을 한시적으로 지급하기보다는 지속적으로 지급해야 하고, 생산기술, 친환경농자재 투입 등의 차이를 고려하여 품목류별로 차등적으로 지급해야 한다는 주장이 제기되어 왔다. 이에 친환경농업의 농업환경 보전 가치와 품목별 생산비 및 소득 차이 분석을 토대로 친환경농업 직접지불금의 지급기간 조정, 품목별 지급단가 차등화 등의 친환경농업 직접직불제 개편 방안 도출이 요구되고 있다. 이 보고서는 「친환경농업 직접지불제 개편방안 연구」에 관한 정책과제의 최종결과물이다. 국내 현지조사를 통해 친환경농업 실천농가의 생산비를 조사하고, 소비자들을 대상으로 친환경농업의 환경보전적 가치에 대한 지불의향가격을 조사하였다. 또한 친환경농업 직불제 개편과 관련하여 전문가 및 정책담당자를 대상으로 심층면담 조사를 실시하였다. 친환경농산물 생산농가와 관행농산물 생산농가의 생산비 및 소득차이를 비교하여 분석하고, 가상가치평가법에 의한 지불의사금액을 산정하였다. 분석된 결과를 바탕으로 친환경농업 직불금의 지급기간 조정, 품목별 소득차이를 감안한 지급단가 차등화 등 친환경농업 직접직불제 개편 방안을 제시하였다.
Recently, it is claimed that direct payment for environment-friendly agriculture needs to be made constantly rather than temporarily because environment- friendly agriculture is valued in preserving agriculture environment, and the payment needs to be commensurate with the extent of production technology or use of environment-friendly agricultural materials. Therefore, we need to investigate what environment-friendly agriculture might be worth in terms of agriculture environment preservation, and to analyze exact situation of production cost and income difference according to crops Furthermore, based on the research results, a study to come up with the improvement plan of direct payment systems for environment-friendly agriculture needs to be conducted, which includes the adjustment of payment period and the differentiation of the unit price in direct payment systems considering the income differentials and the level of difficulty in cultivation by crops Research methods such as literature review, domestic field survey, analysis of the survey results, experts interview, etc. have been used in this study. Literature review includes precedent studies concerning direct payment systems for environment-friendly agriculture and direct payment systems for organic agriculture in foreign countries. And through domestic field survey, the production cost of the farmhouses which are involved with environment- friendly agriculture has been surveyed. And the consumer willingness to pay for the value of environment-friendly agriculture in environmental preservation has been surveyed. And this study involves in-depth interviewing with experts and policy makers in regard to the reform of direct payment systems for environment-friendly agriculture. Based on the research results, the difference in the production cost and income between environment-friendly agricultural farmhouses and conventional farmhouses has been compared and analyzed. And, the willingness to pay has been estimated using the contingent valuation method. The direction of the reform in direct payment systems for environment- friendly agriculture is as follows.First, direct payment systems for environment-friendly agriculture need to be revised to ensure the differential rates of subsidy based on the income differentials by crops as well as the higher unit price. For the organically grain crops, the subsidy should be 1.2 million to 1.3 million won per ha, and for the pesticide-free crops, 1 million to 1.1 million won is believed to be appropriate levels. And in the case of culinary vegetables, specific agricultural products, and others which are farmed organically, 1.3 million to 1.4 million won; in the case of organic fruits, 1.5 million to 1.6 million won and for the pesticide-free fruits, 1.4 million to 1.5 million won are desirable. Second, it needs to provide continual direct payment to the farmers who use organic farming practice in light of the value in the environmental preservation of environment-friendly agriculture. The unit price should be 40% to 60% of the direct payment during the transition period and be offered deferentially based on the income differentials by crops. If it is set at about 60%, 720,000 to 780,000 won per ha can be continually provided for crops; 780,000 to 840,000 won for culinary vegetables, specific agricultural products, and others; 900,000 to 960,0000 won for fruits. Third, direct payment systems for environment-friendly agriculture hold an important place as a policy program for the spread of organic farmers. In the case of major European countries, direct payment systems are widely used as a method to encourage and promote organic farmhouses, and their financial aid annually increases. In order to steadily develop environment-friendly agriculture as a growth engine of the future agriculture to go with sustainable national development strategy, direct payment systems for environment- friendly agriculture with organic and non-pesticide farming practices need to be continuously improved and supplemented to reflect changes of conditions. Researchers: Hak-Kyun Jeong, Chang-Gil Kim, Jong-Jin KimResearch period: 2013. 6. - 2014. 1.E-mail address: hak8247@krei.re.kr
목차
제1장 서 론제2장 친환경농업직불제의 이론적 배경제3장 친환경농업직불제의 실태진단과 평가제4장 친환경농업의 농업환경보전 기여에 대한 경제적 가치평가제5장 친환경농업 실천농가의 소득 분석결과제6장 주요국의 친환경농업직불제 추진 현황제7장 친환경농업직불제의 개편방안제8장 요약 및 결론
발행처
한국농촌경제연구원
과제명
친환경농업직불제 개편방안 연구
발간물 유형
KREI 보고서
URI
http://repository.krei.re.kr/handle/2018.oak/20707
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연구보고서 > 수탁보고서 (C)
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