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dc.description.abstract농업부문에 직접지불제가 도입된 지 20여 년이 지났으며 이제는 농정의 중요한 수단으로 자리를 잡았다. 그러나 현재 운용중인 직불제 목적들 간 정합성, 성과, 운용상의 문제 등에 대해 다양한 논란과 비판이 제기되고 개편의 요구가 점차 커지고 있다. 따라서 개별적으로 도입된 직불제가 제도도입 당시 제시하였던 목표를 달성하였는지, 그리고 농업 내외부의 여건변화 속에 당초 설정한 목표가 지금도 유효한 것인지에 대한 검토가 필요한 시점이다. 이러한 직불제 실태와 정책목표와의 관계, 성과와 문제점 등을 분석하여 개편방안을 마련할 필요가 있다. 이 연구는 2년에 걸쳐 수행되었으며 1차년도에서는 직불제 관련 쟁점들을 종합적으로 살펴보고 제도 개편방향을 제시하였다. 2년차 연구는 1차년도 연구결과를 토대로 직불제 구조 개편안을 제시하고 직불제 예산의 대부분을 차지하고 있는 쌀 직불제와 밭농업직불제를 중심으로 구체적 개편방안을 제시하였다. 아울러 의무이행사항 등 구체적 개편방안에 대한 농가의 수용성을 조사하였으며 농업·농촌의 다원적 기능에 대한 인식과 교육효과 추정 등을 통해 제도개편을 위한 과제를 도출하였다.-
dc.description.abstractResearch Background It has been about 20 years since the direct payment schemes were implemented in Korea and the schemes have played an essential role in the agricultural sector as a policy instrument. However, there have been some skeptical views on the effectiveness of the direct payment schemes, especially on whether the purpose of the schemes at the time of introduction is still valid. The goal of this study consists of two parts: to evaluate the effectiveness of the schemes and suggest an improvement direction for the current direct payment schemes in the first year and to set up a specific plan, especially for the schemes on rice paddies (Fixed and Variable Rice Direct Payment; FRDP and VRDP) and dry fields (Upland Field Direct Payment; UFDP), considering the results of the first-year study in the second and last year.Research Methodology In this study, several research methodologies are applied depending on the target subjects as below. · Literature review and expert group meetings on the pollution levels of agricultural land and water. · Statistical analysis of farm household economy and food balance sheets · Questionnaires on the status of farm input use, farmers' acceptance rate for the revised cross-compliance, and willingness-to-pay on agricultural multifunctionality depending on whether the consumers get educated about the multifunctionality by using choice experiments.Conclusion and Implication The Farmland Management Direct Payment scheme (FMDP) should include FRDP, UFDP, and some of VRDP and the payments from the scheme are paid to farmers as a reward for providing the agricultural multifunctionality, especially for food security, environmental preservation, and sustainable agriculture. FMDP aims to relieve the unequal distribution of the agricultural budget between direct payments for rice paddies and the others and also eliminate the extra incentive for rice production. The cross-compliance (CC) for FMDP is as follows: First, farmers should preserve their farmland to cultivate crops. Second, farmers should record the use of agro-materials, especially fertilizer and chemicals. Third, farmers should participate in the educational courses about multifunctionality and cross-compliance. Last, dry field farmers should apply some specific agricultural techniques to reduce soil erosion by water. The acceptance rate for the suggested cross-compliance of FMDP is more than 80%, which means the CC of FMDP is acceptable and realizable to farmers. This is because more than 60% of farmers have already recorded their agricultural input use and they recognize that the educational course is useful for not only getting the remuneration of the direct payment scheme but also increasing their agricultural productivity. To estimate the appropriate remuneration ratio between the direct payments for rice paddies and UFDP, the farmer's family labor income and the contribution ratio of those farmlands for annual food supply per capita per day are considered. Based on the results, the remuneration ratio between those two schemes should be the same, considering the benefit-cost efficiency of carrying out the policy, even though the ratio of UFDP is slightly higher in both criteria. To conduct FMDP, it is a prerequisite for taxpayers or interest groups to understand the importance of agricultural multifunctionality and to agree with supporting farmers to provide ‘more’ multifunctionality. To figure out the way for taxpayers to support FMDP, a survey was conducted based on choice experiments. The result shows that the participants who got education about agricultural multifunctionality show a 20% higher WTP for multifunctionality compared to the participants who did not.Researchers: Kim Taehun, Kim Seonwoong, Kim Jongin, and Park JiyeonResearch period: 2017. 1. ~ 2017. 12.E-mail address: taehun@krei.re.kr-
dc.description.tableofcontents제1장 서론제2장 직불제 도입과 운용제3장 직불제 개편의 필요성과 개편안제4장 농지관리직불제 도입 방안제5장 요약 및 결론-
dc.title직접지불제 효과 분석과 개선 방안 연구(2/2차년도)-
dc.title.alternativeA Study on Enhancing the Direct Payment Schemes Based on Multi-Faceted Evaluation-
dc.typeKREI 보고서-
dc.contributor.alternativeNameKim, Taehun-
dc.contributor.alternativeNameKim, Seonwoong-
dc.contributor.alternativeNameKim, Jongin-
dc.contributor.alternativeNamePark, Jiyeon-
dc.relation.isPartOf직접지불제 효과 분석과 개선방안 연구(2/2차년도)-
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